Birding In Charlotte: A Quest For Hawks And A Look At Bird Flight

On February 10th, 2020 I went birding at a new location off of Ferry Rd in Charlotte, VT that I have never been before. My initial intent was to simply scan the nearby fields for signs of Rough-legged Hawk, but once I got out of my car to scan the distant tree lines for birds of prey, I heard a familiar call note flying overhead. Eastern Bluebirds! The temperature was 34 degrees Fahrenheit with a stiff south wind at 5-15 miles per hour. Overcast skies made it difficult to discern any real colors on birds in flight, but once it dropped below the horizon and landed in a nearby sumac tree, I could see the brilliant blue coloration on the bird's head, wings, mantle, and tail, contrasting nicely with a brown breast and white belly. Flying with slow, shallow wing beats, it almost seemed physically unlikely that the bird could remain in the air. Relatively long, pointed wings probably allow for this flight pattern, as they provide the bird's small body with ample lift. It's somewhat erratic bouncing flight makes it hard to believe that they are as nimble and agile as they are in the air. Eastern Bluebirds are birds of open landscapes, especially in during the breeding season when they are primarily aerial insectivores. But in the winter, Eastern Bluebirds flock to road side sumacs and berry producing bushes. Although, long pointed wings with a lot of surface area, may not be the best for zipping through thick undergrowth and weaving in and out of trees in a dense forest, they offer great speed and agility when chasing insects through the open air. While bluebird flight pattern is quite distinctive, it is much easier to make a confident ID when you take into account other aspects of the bird, especially flight calls, which Eastern Bluebirds are known to make.

A scan of the distant tree line resulted in the discovery of 3 Red-tailed Hawks. One of which took off from a treetop just 50 yards away and began circling over head. 3 to 4 powerful wing beats followed by a soar. The bird used it's broad buteo tail as a rudder in the air to tilt it's body toward the center of rotation. I find it hard to imagine that without any direct sunlight or general warming effects from the sun, that there were any thermals for this large adult Red-tail to ride high into the sky, but that's what appeared to be taking place. More likely, the hawks' wings with their high lift primary feathers and high surface area secondaries and covert provided the bird with enough lift to gain altitude without hardly any effort. Red-tailed Hawks, along with the Eastern Bluebird are open land specialists, but in a very different way. While Eastern Bluebirds rely on their wings to be able to sally out from a fence post or branch to catch a passing dragonfly, Red-tailed Hawks rely on their wings for soaring high above open fields and being able to control and hoist larger prey. The flap-flap-glide flight pattern of the Red-tailed Hawk is easily distinguishable from other birds of prey and larger birds in general. The rounded tail that is spread out in flight while the bird glides and the fingered wingtips are characteristics often seen in birds of the Buteo genus along with some vultures and members of the eagle family and even Common Ravens in some instances.

The Rough-legged Hawk is also a member of the Buteo genus along with the Red-tailed Hawk and is known to share an affinity for open landscapes and farmscapes during the winter months. With a flight pattern very similar, if not identical to that of a Red-tailed Hawk, when I saw one of the RTHA take flight for the first time, my heart jumped. "Could it be! My first Chittenden County Rough-legged Hawk since December of 2018?" Right size, right shape, right wing beats, and... nope, totally wrong color pattern and lacking the classic coloration of a RLHA and... a red tail. Rough-legged Hawks breed in the high arctic and parts of Alaska and only winter in the lower 48, so my chances at seeing this amazing species are limited to only the cold winter months from November to Late-March and Early-April (eBird.org).

Yet another bird with a distinctive flight pattern that I saw during this outing were American Goldfinches. These tiny finches are year-round residents in VT and do not need to migrate. Nonetheless, they are quite speedy in the air. With a high arching, undulating flight pattern, American Goldfinches seem to bounce from side to side and up and down when in the air. Similar to a woodpecker flight pattern, they give a few quick beats of their contrasting black wings before folding them against their body in a momentary free fall. In addition to this diagnostic finch/woodpecker flight pattern, American Goldfinches also have a tendency to make high pitched calls in flight. The classic "a-dee-dee-dee.... a-di-du...." flight calls, made with each burst of wingbeats are a great way to ID American Goldfinches by simply seeing them in a distant flyby.

Posted by jacobcbirds jacobcbirds, February 17, 2020 21:05

Observations

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Seen sitting in residual corn stubble. Not actively feeding or moving. Always nice to CAGOs this time of year!

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Hairy Woodpecker Dryobates villosus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Seen feeding on the bark of a small tree adjacent to railroad bed. Initially heard. Then seen. Flight was the typical undulating woodpecker flight pattern.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020 03:24 PM EST

Description

Bird took off from nearby tree. Flew with powerful wingbeats followed by long soars that cut easily through the stiff south wind.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Pair seen in distant tree top. Initially heard then seen in flight. Typical undulating woodpecker flight with 4-5 quick wingbeats, lifting the birds head to an angle of ~30 degrees above the horizon and then freefalling for a few seconds until the bird's head angle fell below the horizon. More quick wingbeats would correct this.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Seen feeding on goldenrod galls and sumac berries. I was unable to get a photograph as I got distracted by nearby EABLs also feeding on sumac berries. DOWO soon took off, flight was typical undulating woodpecker flight.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Flock seen feeding among corn stubble. Actively flying from field to roadside trees. The presence of multiple RTHAs may have had them on edge a little. AMCR seen flying with steady wingbeats.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

Common Raven Corvus corax

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Single bird took off from treeline across the field. Underwings looked a little silvery at first and large powerful wingbeats had me thinking that it was a dark-morph Rough-legged Hawk for a little bit as the bird flew straight towards me from a distance. I have been trying to find a Rough-legged Hawk in Chittenden Co. for many weeks now, to no avail. Then the bird suddenly increased it's angle of attack and flared it's tail feathers revealing it's long wedge-shaped tail. I dropped out of the and landed in a sparse cattail swamp, grabbed a chunk of snow and flew off with the snow in it's beak. A beautiful bird!

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

2 individuals observed. Quick wing beats in a bounding flight. Flitting around thick bushes and trees. Loud wing beats for such a small birds.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

38 European Starlings flew over in a quick fly-by. Rapid, steady wing beats. Some birds glided for short periods of time.

Photos / Sounds

What

Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

8 Eastern Bluebirds seen flying around with a flock of House Finches. A mix of males and females.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

American Robin Turdus migratorius

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Initially heard, then saw multiple small flocks flying and landing in treetops.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

House Sparrow Passer domesticus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

One single male House Sparrow heard and seen. Flew into tree top in the park and ride area and responded to pishing.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

A flock of 12 House Finches was seen mixed with EABLs. They flew into trees out in the middle of the field area along the road to the park and ride. When landing, HOFIs use multiple sets of very rapid wing beats and a high angle of attack to slow down their momentum.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

American Goldfinch Spinus tristis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

Heard and then seen in a flyover. Typical undulating AMGO flight pattern. When in flight. Goldfinches flap quickly for a short period of time, gaining altitude and simultaneously make a "a-dee-dee-dee" or "a-di-du" vocalization. After each short free fall, the next set of wing beats takes the bird in a slightly different direction. Giving the flight pattern a zig-zag pattern when seen from directly above or below and an undulating up-down pattern when viewed from the side.

Photos / Sounds

No photos or sounds

What

American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

2 Dark-eyed Juncos were seen flying up from underbrush into the mid-section of a smaller tree.

Photos / Sounds

Square

What

Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

Observer

jacobcbirds

Date

February 10, 2020

Description

A total of 4 Northern Cardinals were heard and seen. One pair was photographed.

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