Low trophic level's Journal

October 06, 2021

Aborted Entoloma

I chose to analyze one of the mushrooms found on Mont-Royale called the aborted Entoloma. It is called “aborted” because of its globular caps. There is some interesting history behind this mushroom: at first, scientists thought that it was commonly parasitized by other fungi in the Amallaria group (this caused the aborted caps to form), but this was actually not the case. Aborted Entoloma are instead usually the parasite and the aborted caps Amallarias are the victims of this situation (Czederpiltz et al., 2001). They are edible and are commonly called “shrimp of the woods” for their shrimpy taste. They are often found at the base of rotting trees, which is exactly where this one was found (Díaz-Godínez & Téllez-Téllez, 2021).

Czederpiltz, D. L., Volk, T. J., & Burdsall, H. H. (2001). Field observations and inoculation experiments to determine the nature of the carpophoroids associated with Entoloma abortivum and Armillaria. Mycologia, 93(5), 841. https://doi.org/10.2307/3761750

Díaz-Godínez, G., & Téllez-Téllez, M. (2021). Mushrooms as edible foods. Fungal Biology, 143–164. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-64406-2_9

Posted on October 06, 2021 21:23 by zoegoldberger zoegoldberger | 0 comments | Leave a comment

September 18, 2021

On the biodiversity observed

Placement on a phylogeny
I chose to describe Brochymena arborea on the phylogeny. It is found under insects, situated with many
stinkbug species. It is a "true bug" and associated with tree bugs and aphids. Many in it's local branch
express colorings similar to the bark of a tree.
A unique adaptation
The adaptation I had chosen was the camouflage of Brochymena arborea. Owing to their common
habitat being trees, this camouflage protects them from predators and allows them to ambush and soft
A common adaptation
One observed was multiple limbs. Evolutionarily, the presence of this allows for multiple
tasks to be completed simultaneously. The first arthropods seen with multiple legs were present around
540 million years ago.
Sources:
https://www.britannica.com/animal/arthropod/Evolution-and-paleontology
https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-31_rough_stink_bug.htm

Posted on September 18, 2021 15:01 by janmes_karunamurthy janmes_karunamurthy | 0 comments | Leave a comment

September 15, 2021

Phylogeny of observations

Phylogeny placement for one of your observations:
I chose to find the phylogeny for my entry of a bee using OneZoom. It is eukaryotic bilaterally symmetric animal that has a mandible and is a hexapod winged insect. Within winged insects, it exhibits some special characteristics such as modern wing-folding (which separate it from mayflies, for example) and complete metamorphosis (separating it from true bugs).

1 unique adaptation for one of your observations:
Sails are the only mollusks of the observations that I made, it has a mucus-laden muscular foot adaptation which allows it to move on land and in water with limited friction.

1 adaptation that all observations have in common:
All of the observations that I made were eukaryotic animals that were bilaterally symmetric adaptation (Bilateria). During the Ediacaran period 570 million years ago, the most recent ancestor to all of the bilaterally symmetric animals today existed and it contains 1,407, 598 species in total including insects, spiders, worms, snails…etc

Posted on September 15, 2021 14:48 by zoegoldberger zoegoldberger | 0 comments | Leave a comment

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