Burdocks on Mont-Royal.

During lab 2, I observed the burdock plant on Mont-Royal. The burdock belongs to the plantae kingdom, the asterales order, the asteraceae family, the carduoideae subfamily, the cynareae tribe, and the arctium genus (Arctium). One special adaptation of the burdock is the hooked tips of the phyllaries that make up the involucre are an adaptation for seed dispersal (Byrd). Although the different species i observed on Mont-Royal vary a lot in their traits, most of the plants share the adaptation of having shallow roots that aid in capturing nutrients from the top soil level (Plant Adaptations).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctium
https://www.wildernesscollege.com/burdock.html
https://www.thinktrees.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Plant-Adaptations.pdf

Posted on September 20, 2021 01:44 by vanessaroy359 vanessaroy359 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

生廣班自己的專案

2021/9/20 生廣班成立了自己的 iNaturalist 專案,提供成員之間交流的園地。

Posted on September 20, 2021 01:19 by ssnp099 ssnp099 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Week 1 9/19/21

Week 1 of our iNaturalist Project is wrapping up today, and although I unfortunately was not able to get out into the field this week to make any observations, I am planning to get to one or more locations over the next several days. Next Saturday I might have an opportunity to go out on my family's boat to fish, which would allow me to observe all sorts of fish, as well as marine birds and mammals. If that does not work out, I am also going to go to either Huddart Park or Windy Hill Preserve over the course of the following week. Both of these locations have a wide variety of plants and fungi, so I hope that I can find something eye-catching while on a hike.

Posted on September 20, 2021 01:12 by caseychamberlain caseychamberlain | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Mariposa nativas en Peña Colorada

En esta excursión encontramos cerca de 7 especies de mariposas:

  • Mariposa ónix con rayas blancas
  • Mariposa pasionaria mexicana
  • Mariposa parche rosita
  • Mariposa lunita tejana
  • Mariposa azufre de bandas naranjas
  • Mariposa pasionaria de motas blancas
  • Mariposa pacheca ajedrez

Posted on September 20, 2021 00:48 by mer_q94 mer_q94 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Observations Made on Mount Royal!

Hello there! I have found some very interesting plants on Mount Royal! In total, I made 14 observations, but this time, but for this post, I am doing three of the observations I made. I took pictures of a leaf, where it was red but then there was a gradient of red to green near the stems or veins of the leaves. I also found some garden chervil at Mount Royal and I did some reverse research on the unknown plant and I found out that it was garden chervil, a species of plant that has been used in culinary cooking as a seasoning, and was 'introduced' in Canada according to iNaturalist. Lastly, there are Burdocks, where the plants clung onto fabric, as it happened to a magnifying glass covered in a sock where dead burdocks hung onto. It was the inspiration of a Swiss inventor to create velcro after his dog got burdocks stuck on his fur. Very interesting plants and species I've discovered with my group as well!

Thank you for your time!

Posted on September 20, 2021 00:40 by aneshat aneshat | 3 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Rockweed (Fucus distichus) - Kirby Cove 9/18/21

I found a few rockweeds when I went on a hike with some friends at Kirby Cove. They were on Kirby beach near the camping site that we reached after walking one of the trails off Conzelman Road. We parked on Conzelman Road after the roundabout on the one way. During the hike, there were a few other species of plants and birds along the way, with abandoned bunkers off the trail. I used the seek app to identify the plant and found that it is a native plant with the scientific name Fucus distichus and part of the phylum Ochrophyta.

Posted on September 20, 2021 00:26 by kelly_annec kelly_annec | 1 observation | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Journal Entry for Bio Blitz- Giant Foxtail/Japanese Bristle-grass.

Out of my observations, I have chosen the Japanese Bristle-grass or giant foxtail as my plant of interest. Its binomial name is Setaria Faberi, and as its name suggests it is indeed an invasive plant to North America. Its phylogeny is as goes... Domain: Eukarya, Kingdom: Plantae, Phylum: Vascular plant, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Poales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Setaria, Species: Setaria Faberi. An interesting adaptation that this organism has is in the form of its "fox-tail". the tail is a cluster of grass and its main purpose is seed dispersal. With the number of tails and the amount, a which each tail can disperse this plant can form monocultures extremely fast. This adaptation shows how and why it is considered an extremely difficult invasive species, one of which has dominated parts of North America. A very interesting adaptation that most of the plants my group viewed had in common was height, in which most of them were low-height plants. These plants are bush-like.

Posted on September 20, 2021 00:16 by artpat artpat

Mira's Plants Journal

All these observations were taken in Jeanne-Mance Park. The weather was very sunny that day, which explains the beautiful and bright colours of the plants. Even though most of the observations consist of trees, they had unique differences. To illustrate, some trees consisted of dark leaves, others consisted of light leaves and some did not have any leaves. Furthermore, some were very deep rooted others were not. The bent trees were damaged by the wind and chewed on by insects. Moreover, I realized some plants had spores. When spores are released slowly they increase the chances of the plants survival, however if they are released all at once it will cause the plants to have limited survival rates. In addition, almost all the plants in my observations were tall, this is very crucial since there are fewer things that will obstruct the plant from receiving sunlight.

Posted on September 20, 2021 00:08 by mirazaboube mirazaboube | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Sarah Cairns: Biodiversity of green plants on Mount Royal

Out of the 10 species of green plants I observed on Mount Royal, I chose to research the phylogeny of the Virginia creeper. The Virginia creeper is a species native to North America and part of the family Vitaceae, which is commonly referred to as the woody vine family. This perennial vine can grow to be 20-30m in height and is often confused with poison ivy due to its notched leaves. However, poison ivy plants have only three leaves, while Virginia creepers have five. An interesting fact I learned about Virginia creepers is that they produce blackish/purple grapes in the late summer!

One unique adaptation of pine trees is their flexible branches. This flexibility allows the branches to bend under the weight of heavy snowfall which promotes growth for future years. This adaptation explains why pine trees can be found all across Canada, as well as in other areas that experience extreme climate. They are able to sustain growth and health under intense conditions.

A common characteristic in all of our observations was the green color of the plants. They appear green because chlorophyll does not absorb the green light wavelengths, so they reflect this color back. The chlorophyll in these plants allows them to photosynthesize. In the absence of chlorophyll, plants that rely on photosynthesis for their food will shrivel and die, so this adaptation is crucial to the survival of the plants we observed.

Posted on September 19, 2021 23:53 by sarah_cairns sarah_cairns | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Entry #1

The species that I chose to further observe is achillea millefolium better known as yarrow. This flowering plant falls under the Kingdom Plantae category and it is part of the family Asteraceae that contains over 32 000 different species.

I could not find many common adaptations for all the species that I observed and I believe that it's because some of them come from differently families hence they tend to live in different conditions. The only common trait is that they all have green leaves due to the fact that having many leaves are good to allow plants to absorb light in order to then contributes to photosynthesis which helps them grow.

Yarrows have a thick stem and a vast root system to allow them to survive in nutrient poor and dried out soil which is an ability that they have learned to have through adaptation (as their environment can include similar conditions).

Posted on September 19, 2021 23:41 by juliaperes juliaperes | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Lab 2: Common Silverweed

The phylogeny of the common silverweed begins at eukaryotes, then plants, eudicots, pentapetalae, the rose family, potenilleae and finally the genus of argentina or potentilla.
One adaptation of the common silverweed is that it grows in cracks in the rocks and has thick roots to keep itself safe from predatory beaks. It can also spread rapidly due to its roots as they curve toward the ground and find a moist spot, forming an upright stem, resulting in a separate plant.
Both trees and plants have adapted to withstand the cold weather. Some trees lose their leaves to manage the lack water, while plants will keep their leaves to insulate themselves.

Posted on September 19, 2021 23:40 by allisonyen allisonyen | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Plants in Mount Royal

The first ever bioblitz for me was pretty amazing! I got to observe, identify, and explore a number of plants in Mount Royal; which includes- Sumacs, Lesser Burdock, Genus Parthenocissus, Ragweeds, and others. I really enjoyed this experience as it enhanced my knowledge about the different species of plants in Mount Royal, and taught me the importance of preserving and protecting the environment, as well as, increased my love for nature and biology!

Posted on September 19, 2021 23:32 by tareksalem tareksalem | 10 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Connor Gunn Lab 2 Bioblitz: Butternut

The phylogeny placement of Butternut begins at all life then to Eukaryotes, Plants, Pentapetalae, Fagales, and then Walnuts. The most common ancestor to Butternut includes 3 species, Japanese Walnut, Butternut, and Manchurian Walnut.
One adaptation that all of the observations have in common is that all the species have broad leaves rather than needle leaves. All the species have adapted to have a greater surface area on the leaf in order to absorb more sunlight for the process of photosynthesis.
One unique adaptation of the Butternut tree is that it produces a fruit which is a lemon-shaped nut. The nuts produce in bunches of two to six and are surrounded by a green husk until they reach maturity.

Posted on September 19, 2021 23:19 by connorgunn connorgunn | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Observation Planning

I was not able to make any observations this past week, but I am hoping to get out this coming week. I forgot that we are allowed to take pictures of species in parks, so I didn't take pictures of the species I saw while in Golden Gate Park. I might go back this week, so we will see. My sister and I were also thinking about walking to San Bruno Mountain and making observations there. There are so many cool species there. If we are in the San Mateo area at all we might go to Wunderlich County Park, as we have been wanting to visit it for a long time. We will probably focus more on plants, because the time we are free to go outside is when the animals are least active. We are going to try and go out on Thursday or Friday.

Posted on September 19, 2021 22:33 by sofiana sofiana | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Black-eyed Susans

One of the observations I made was of a Blacked-eyed Susan. This flower is in the plantae kingdom, under vascular plants, flowering plants, and dicots, with its genus being Rudbeckia. It's a part of the coneflower family, this family are almost like daisies, they have hanging petals and a range of colours. One of the adaptations that was common in our observed species was that all the plants were tall. This adaptation came about because the plants are trying to obtain their needs to survive, which include: sunlight, water, warmth, and other basic needs. An unique adaptation that the Blacked-eyed Susans have is a raised cone-liked centre. The centre holds seeds that attract insects like butterflies and because of the raised centre it helps in the dispersal of seeds and aids in reproduction.

Posted on September 19, 2021 22:10 by breannan breannan | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Journal Entry Lab 002

The phylogeny placement for Climacodon septentrionalis, also known as Northern Tooth, is a species of polypore fungus in the family Meruliaceae. It is under the fungi kingdom, within division Basidiomycota and classed as Aharicomycetes. There is no adaptation of which that all my observations share. This is due to the fact that my observed species are relatively diverse in terms of species, i.e., weeds, flowers, fungi, and trees; on top of that, they are also found in different environments, i.e., different altitudes, sun exposure, etc. Finally, the shape of Northern Tooth, with multiple toothed layers on top of each other, is a unique adaptation to maximize its spore production in order to increase its offspring's chances of parasitizing and metabolizing the heartwood of other trees.

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:59 by flaviao flaviao | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Lab 2 Journal Entry

One organism I observed was the common nettle of the family dioica and the branch Urtica. Most of my observed species have adapted green leaves from the chlorophyll inside of their cells in order to perform photosynthesis as a metabolic function. However, there is no one common adaptation between all of the organisms I observed as one of them was a beetle while the rest were plants. One unique adaptation is that of the common nettle that I observed, which is the tiny hair-like structures on the underside of its leaves, which deploy venom upon contact, causing pain and a rash. These are adapted to deter predators from consuming the leaves.

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:35 by lakedegall lakedegall | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Phylogenetic Origin and Adaptation

My journal here is based on the species Ageratina altissima, which is a flowering plant. It is commonly known as White Snakeroot. It could be commonly found on Mont-Royal. It is a poisonous North American herb of the aster family

Phylogenic Origin: It is a species in the order of Asterales and the family of Asteraceae. It is in genus Ageratina and the species Altissima. It is located next to Ageratina proba and Ageratina miquihuana in the phylogenetic tree.

General adaptation of flowering plants I have observed: All plants we have observed have bright colour petals, such as white, purple and yellow. I supposed all of them are insect-pollinated flowers. Bright petals allow the flower to attract insects such as butterflies and bees to visit so that pollen grains produced by the flowers can adhere to the insects' bodies. When the insects visit other flowers to collect the nectar, the pollen grains on the bodies will stick to the stigma of another flower of the same species and thus fertilization can occur. Therefore, the flowers can reproduce and give rise to the next generation.

Unique adaptation of Ageratina altissima: White Snakeroot contains the toxin tremeto making it poisonous to humans and grazing animals such as cattle. As when grazing is scarce, the cattle may consume white snakeroots. The toxins cause illness, trembles, in cows and thus prevent them from consuming the flowers themselves again. This is a kind of physiological adaptation of white snakeroots for self-defence. Therefore, the flowers themselves can survive for a longer time and reproduce to give rise to the next generation.

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:26 by sixsuet sixsuet | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Phylogeny and Observations

Phylogeny placement for one of your observations:
I chose to find the phylogeny for my entry of a bee using OneZoom. It is eukaryotic bilaterally symmetric animal that has a mandible and is a hexapod winged insect. Within winged insects, it exhibits some special characteristics such as modern wing-folding (which separate it from mayflies, for example) and complete metamorphosis (separating it from true bugs).

1 unique adaptation for one of your observations:
Sails are the only mollusks of the observations that I made, it has a mucus-laden muscular foot adaptation which allows it to move on land and in water with limited friction.

1 adaptation that all observations have in common:
All of the observations that I made were eukaryotic animals that were bilaterally symmetric adaptation (Bilateria). During the Ediacaran period 570 million years ago, the most recent ancestor to all of the bilaterally symmetric animals today existed and it contains 1,407, 598 species in total including insects, spiders, worms, snails…etc

source: https://www.onezoom.org/

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:13 by zoegoldberger zoegoldberger | 0 comments | Leave a comment

On the biodiversity observed

Placement on a phylogeny
I chose to describe Brochymena arborea on the phylogeny. It is found under insects, situated with many
stinkbug species. It is a "true bug" and associated with tree bugs and aphids. Many in it's local branch
express colorings similar to the bark of a tree.
A unique adaptation
The adaptation I had chosen was the camouflage of Brochymena arborea. Owing to their common
habitat being trees, this camouflage protects them from predators and allows them to ambush and soft
A common adaptation
One observed was multiple limbs. Evolutionarily, the presence of this allows for multiple
tasks to be completed simultaneously. The first arthropods seen with multiple legs were present around
540 million years ago.
Sources:
https://www.britannica.com/animal/arthropod/Evolution-and-paleontology
https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/galveston/beneficials/beneficial-31_rough_stink_bug.htm

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:12 by janmes_karunamurthy janmes_karunamurthy | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Daily Report

Currently I have 4 anoles. My cowpeas have had a wonderful harvest this year. My peppers have also had a great harvest even though I had a hornworm problem. Skippers have populated my pigeon peas and my cow peas. With fall coming up I don’t know what is going to shake the garden. This week I’ve seen two baby snakes 🐍 out in my plants. They look like brown snakes. As we come to soon to end the year I’m planing to create a special journal entry about a special species of anole once a month. I call it “Anole of the Month”.

Questions I Have:
Do anoles hibernate?
How many species of anole are living in SC?
Please answer if you know the answer.

Posted on September 19, 2021 21:06 by classreptilia classreptilia | 2 observations | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Erika Walback - Small Plants of Mount Royal

One species that I observed in my bioblitz was Trifolium Pratense (common name- red clover). It belongs in the Plantae kingdom, Fabales order, Fabaceae family, and Trifolium genus. Species it is closely related to include Trifolium Pallidum and Trifolium Andricum. One adaptation all of these plants have in common is the chloroplasts their eukaryotic cells contain. The chloroplast allows the plant to photosynthesize and convert light energy into chemical energy. It is theorized that the chloroplast evolved through endosymbiosis, when a larger unicellular bacteria engulfed a smaller one to form a eukaryotic cell containing these organelles. One unique behavioural adaptation that Ragweeds (genus ambrosia, there are about 50 species) have undergone is their ability to withstand a wide range of temperatures. This allows ragweed to invade a greater variety of ecosystems, as it is an invasive species. One recent study (https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0152867) found that they were evolving to withstand cooler temperatures (where it used to be too cold for them) and spreading higher and higher up the French Alps.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:54 by erikawalback erikawalback | 0 comments | Leave a comment

First Identifications

In my first time using the iNaturalist, I attended a Friday biology lab at Mount Royal, Montreal. Using the general theme "leaves", I scouted out what I believed to be different kinds of leaves and attempted to use the identification software of the app to name them. Although two of my plants were unable to be identified, I think I had good practice in looking for different identifiers and comparing traits to the suggested species, similar to using a Dichotomous Key. It was a very warm, sunny day and I had a great time walking through the trails and observing nature. If I do this again, I hope to be able to identify all of my pictures.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:50 by kierabrun kierabrun | 3 observations

Researching Biodiversity - Faith Bawden

  1. The Silver Maple is a rapidly growing, tall tree, native to eastern North America. The silver maple lives within the plantae kingdom. It's order is sapindales and it's in the sapindacaee family. The genus of the silver maple is acer, and it is an A. saccharine specie.
  2. One adaptation that I have seen for all of the species I observed is the act of adapting to where adequate moisture resides. Some, over the years, have moved to more wet regions, whereas others have adapted by using their roots underground too efficiently collect as much moisture as possible to keep the plant alive.
  3. One unique adaptation that I found was that of Begonias. Begonias have adapted to grow specific colours, like blue, in order to photosynthesize more efficiently in low-light conditions.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:46 by faithbawden faithbawden | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Journal entry 1

All of the species identified do not have many common adaptations, since the group’s project was the “Flora and Fauna of Mount Royal” which is a broad topic. However, the species have all adapted to thrive in a wide temperature range, including both the heat of Montreal summers to the cold winters.

The plant that was identified using a phylogenetic tree was a thicket creeper, Parthenocissus inserta. Its phylogeny placement goes, eukaryotes, viridiplantae, eudicots, Pentapetalae, Vitaceae, Parthenocisseae. One unique adaptation of the thicket creeper is that it has club-shaped ends in order to fit inside of a crevice. This allows it to easily grow through shrubbery and trees (as opposed to its close relative, the Virginia creeper which climbs walls).

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:43 by miadsouza miadsouza | 0 comments | Leave a comment

The Journey of the Ambiguous Rambler

I have no idea what I am doing in this world looking for plants and animals I know little about. I have to admit I need to dissolve ego when being part of this journey. With that being said, I am not sure I have a focus of what I am trying to contribute or where I am trying to capture those snapshots of the world in the moment I aim the lens. I do have some passions and curiosity about the living world around us and I mostly photography the familiar. I do have particular places in the region where I live that I go to with some frequency. I do often feel lost and lacking purpose. I am not sure what I am helping and what I am contributing to in the space called iNaturalist.

Also, I am wrestling with the idea of ending the mob mentality of having to see a specialized bird or animal to add to "my list". Tell others how to behave seems to be one of those things that is dicey. Lead by example and be what I want to see in others might be more of the strategy I need when exploring the world to share it with others for either scientific reasons or for aesthetics. I have to travel lightly and try to minimize the harm caused by looking for things randomly or letting nature reveal itself as I hike, so to speak. There's loving nature and loving it to death. I feel like I am on a tightwire precipitously hanging on. I hope the community and my own common sense will lead me to better and harmless as possible explorations.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:38 by howardfriedman1 howardfriedman1 | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Humam Aziz's Journal-- Green Terrestrial Plants

Phylogeny Placement: I chose to look at the Eastern Hemlock. This type of tree can be found from Minnesota to Nova Scotia! It is under 'threatened' conservation status. These trees can grow to be over 100 feet tall, and up to 500 years old. Eastern Hemlocks are part of kingdom Plantae (part of the tracheophyte clade) Division: Pinophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae, Genus: Tsuga, Species: Tsuga canadensis

Unique adaptation of the Sugar Maple: The leaves of sugar maple trees come with a lot of benefits. The shape of the leaf is very broad. This large surface area allows the tree to collect as much sun as it can-- especially considering that they tend to live in shaded areas. The leaves also serve as a way for the trees to regulate soil pH. The Sugar Maple tree leaves nutrients in its leaves-- when the leaves shed and decompose during the fall, the nutrients replenish the soil and maintain optimum pH for the trees coming growing cycle.

General adaptation of all observations: The adaptive advantage of all of my observations is their green color! The color green comes from the chlorophyll in plant cells. This chlorophyll absorbs light for photosynthesis. The light that gets absorbed the least by chlorophyll is green; hence leaves being green (and turning red as chlorophyll breaks down in the fall) This adaptation-- packing chlorophyll into plant cells-- is vital to efficient and effective photosynthesis.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:29 by humamaziz humamaziz | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Bioblitz Journal Entry

Phylogenetic placement of wood sorrel: Wood sorrels are a part of the oxalis or sorrel family and the order of oxalidales. They are located within a clade of green, flowering, vascular land plants called eudicots.

Common adaptation: All the organisms I observed have thin leaves. Plants with such leaves are adapted to have a large surface area compared to their volume in order to maximize the amount of photosynthesis that can occur (large surface area = able to absorb more light).

Unique adaptation: Grasses such as those in the genus Elymus are better adapted to resist drought compared to the other organisms I observed because they have thin-walled cells and long narrow leaves. Both of these characteristics slow evaporation/water loss and are thus desirable in areas that may experience droughts.

Posted on September 19, 2021 20:21 by raphaellereyes raphaellereyes | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Sophie Krouse: Adaptations and Phylogenetic Origins of my iNaturalist Observations

I found a plethora of plant species along my short journey within Jean-Mance Park. There is one species in particular, however, which I was intrigued by. A species that I had seen many times before back home in Niagara Ontario. Lesser burdock, also known as Common burdock (scientific name Arctium minus) is a species within the Plantae Kingdom, more specifically, within the Order Asterales, the Family Asteraceae, and the Genus Arctium. In other words, the lesser burdock is a flowering plant that tends to bloom from July to October and has many common ancestors such as Eudicots and Asterids (all Angiosperms/flowering plants, which make up the most diverse group of land plants on Earth).

Lesser burdock has an interesting adaptation that has allowed their population to continue to grow strongly over the years. As their blooming season comes to an end, sharp-looking points appear on the flower heads of the plant, an adaptation that makes these seedheads very "sticky", in the sense that they attach instantly to anything they contact via these sharp points. This allows the seedheads to be carried by animals or humans who graze past these plants and spread their seeds across vast distances, thus greatly increasing their chances of spreading their seeds and continuing their genetic inheritance.

However, even though lesser burdock may be unique in its "velcro" seedheads texture, it shares one common adaptation among all the other observations I made in Jean-Mance, that being the green colour of each of the plants I observed. Though it's understood that the green colour of plants is a result of the chemical "chlorophyll", which is abundant in all plant species, the reason for the presence of this chlorophyll is a prime example of adaptation. The green colour indicates that green light is being reflected from the sunlight the plant absorbs during photosynthesis, and though this may seem strange, as the majority of lightwaves coming from sublight are within the green spectrum, many researchers speculate it's because of its intensity that these plants reflect green light, in order to not "overstimulate" the plant. The green colour, which almost always tends to be a bright value, reduces the amount of evaporation of the plant, meaning the plant can store water for longer, thereby promoting its survival and health/hydration.

Posted on September 19, 2021 19:53 by sophiekrouse sophiekrouse | 1 observation | 0 comments | Leave a comment
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